AUP - Acceptable Use Policy- A written agreement developed by the Lancaster Board of Education and signed by teachers, students, and parents outlining terms and conditions of computer use in the schools.
Browser - Software that allows users to access and navigate the World Wide Web. Most Web browsers, such as Internet Explorer and Netscape are graphical.
Bulletin Board Service (BBS) - A forum for users to browse and exchange information.
Commercial online service - A company that, for a fee, allows computer users to dial in via modem to access its information and services, and example would be AOL or CompuServe.
Database - A computer holding large amounts of information that can be searched by the user.
Download - To transfer a file from one computer to another.
E-mail (Electronic mail) - Allows users to send and receive messages to each other electronically using a computer.
FAQ - Frequently asked question files answer questions asked by hundreds of computer users.
Filter - Hardware or software designed to restrict access to certain areas on the Internet.
Flame - To send a harsh, critical email message to another user, usually someone who violates email netiquette.
Graphical Interface - Software designed to allow the user to execute commands by pointing and clicking on icons or text.
Hits - the number of times a request is found on a server.
Home Page - The first page a user sees when visiting a World Wide Web site. Also, the main page for a business, organization or person.
HTML - hypertext Markup Language is the programming language for the world wide web.
HTTP - Hypertext Transfer Protocol is a fast, efficient information retrieval protocol designed to distribute information quickly.
Hypertext/Hyperlink - A highlighted word or graphic in a document that, when clicked upon, takes the user to a related piece of information on the internet.
Internet - the global "network of networks" that connects more than three million computers, called hosts. The Internet is a virtual space in which users send and receive email, login to remote computers, and browse databases of information on the World Wide Web.
Internet Relay Chat (IRC) - Interactive, real-time, discussions between internet users using text messages. Users logon to a designated net computers and join discussions already in progress.
ISP - Internet service provider, usually for a fee, provides access to the internet.
Listserve - A topic-oriented mailing list.
Local Area Network (LAN) - A group of computers that are connected in some fashion in one small area, usually the same building or floor of a building.
Logon - To sign on to a computer system.
Lurking - Not actively participating on a listserv or IRC but only listening to the discussion.
MetaSearch Engine-browses many search engines and directories.
Netiquette - informal rules of conduct for internet users.
Search Engine-gives computer created lists of sites on a topic. Works best looking for specific information.
Server - A computer that provides a specific kind of service to client software running on other computers.
Subject Directories-Human-created categories of information on a subject or topic. Organized general to specific.
URL - Universal Resource Locator is the address and method used to locate a specific resource on the internet.
World Wide Web - Internet browsing system that allows for point and click navigation of the internet.